Enhanced AU-UN collaboration is a non-negotiable.

As the African Union (AU) has become a stronger actor in peace operations, coordination with the United Nations Security Council has risen in importance. Beyond just working together on a case-by-case basis, such as the Somalia hybrid mission, the two organizations are seeking a broader and more complimentary relationship. In the last year, we have witnessed an increasing convergence with the development of the AU Common Position on the Peace Operations Review and Joint UN-AU Framework for an Enhanced Partnership in Peace and Security. These were followed by the recommendations stressing the important of partnership with regional organizations from High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) and the Secretary-General’s response to this seminal report. But it is not an easy task for the two organizations to converge. As preparations for a recent high-level meeting showed, there remain some institutional and political challenges that make working together inherently difficult for both organizations. Competing agendas The 10th annual Joint Consultative Meeting between the UN Security Council (UNSC) and the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) was held in New York on 23-25 May 2016. The meeting’s final agenda was set to discuss the crisis in Burundi and the mandate of the African Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), which expires at the end of May. It was dictated by the UNSC, with little compromise over the issues raised by the AU. The initial agenda proposed by the AU PSC members in mid-April included discussions on Western Sahara, South Sudan, Libya, Somalia, Burundi, Guinea-Bissau, and countering terrorism and violent extremism – all key challenges on the continent with global implications. On 25...

La professionnalisation du maintien de la paix des Nations Unies ou le travail de Sisyphe

The United Nations and its peacekeepers are more often mentioned for its failure, rather than its successes. However, as the author argues, it is important to remember who should be held responsible for these failures: Since the operations of the UN are based on a vision of security delivered collectively, the responsibility can only be collective, and that of both the financial contributors and the contributors of troops, police and military experts. Much still remains to be done for UN peace operations to become properly professionalized. The author suggest improvements to the quality of staff recruitment, training, and organizations of operational support. However, while the professionalization of peacekeeping is a long-term project, and can be described to be the likes of the labor of Sisyphus, particularly because of the number of actors involved – there is progress to be found.   Read the full article here...

LIVE from the UN Security Council: Future of Peace Operations

The Security Council was briefed this morning by the UN Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon on the maintenance of international peace and security, following a letter dated 5 November 2015 from the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General (S/2015/846). Follow live tweeting at #futurepeaceops and @IPI_CPO Watch live here  Learn more View Event-page Security Council Report Analysis – ‘What’s in Blue’ Analysis of experts The High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) report The implementation report of the Secretary-General The Peacebuilding Architecture Review report The Global Study on UNSC resolution 1325 – Women, Peace and Security Managing Change at the United Nations – Lessons from Recent Initiatives...

The Practical is the Political: The UN’s Global Study on Women, Peace and Security

The author reviews the 417-page Global Study on the Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, which was released earlier this month. While criticized for being too long and unclear, the author helps to understand the significance of the report, as well as the current and potential success of its recommendations. The article further analyzes the synergies between the Global Study and the other two reviews this year – Uniting our Strengths for Peace, the Report of the Secretary-General’s High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO), and The Challenge of Sustaining Peace, the Report of the Advisory Group of Experts for the 2015 Review of the UN’s Peacebuilding Architecture, arguing that the thinking and recommendations of the three reports align closely. Read full article...

Missed Opportunities: Gender and the UN’s Peacebuilding and Peace Operations Report

Global Peace Operations Review, Center on International Cooperation (CIC) Missed Opportunities: Gender and the UN’s Peacebuilding and Peace Operations Report By Anne Marie Goetz and Rob Jenkins July 30, 2015 While both the review reports on peace operations and peacebuilding stress the need to see women as agents of conflict prevention and resolution, neither reports succeeds in overcoming the familiar “add women and stir” curse. The reports highlight gender-issues in a vague manner, providing no concrete proposals of how to approach them, and no specific mechanisms for promoting accountability. The weak implementation instructions given continue an unfortunate UN practice, with the absence of details and timelines, leaving no recommendations that help to influence decision-making, especially at senior levels. Nevertheless, there is still hope that the upcoming report on UNSC res. 1325 will help to fill the gaps missed by the two reports. Read...
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